Multi-Tenant Structure: What You Want To Know

Multi-tenant structure, also referred to as multitenancy, has develop into an more and more necessary idea in at present’s software growth paradigm, largely as a result of growth in cloud computing and software-as-a-service (SaaS) enterprise fashions. The place SaaS permits us to ship purposes over the web as a service, multitenancy allows corporations to develop and scale purposes sooner and extra effectively by permitting them to share assets amongst completely different customers.

However what precisely is multitenancy and why are corporations constructing their purposes utilizing multi-tenant structure? Right here we reply these questions and introduce the principle advantages of multi-tenant structure.

What Is Multi-Tenant Structure?

Multi-tenant structure is a design method that permits a number of person teams — known as tenants — entry to at least one occasion of an software or system. That is very like an house constructing, the place numerous tenants have their very own residences. All of the residences are non-public and safe however share the identical infrastructure.

Apartment block as an example of multitenancy
An house block for example of multitenancy

Any such structure allows corporations to economize on infrastructure prices by utilizing the identical {hardware} assets for a number of situations of the identical software for a number of tenants. It’s particularly useful for SaaS corporations as a result of it permits them to scale their purposes and stay cost-effective.

How Does Multi-Tenant Structure Work?

Multi-tenant structure creates distinct, remoted environments inside a single bodily infrastructure, similar to a digital machine, server, or cloud platform. That is completed by partitioning the info storage and processing; offering every tenant with their very own devoted area within the system. A tenant interacts with the applying and might entry their very own knowledge.

Tenants refers to:

  • Customers and person teams inside your organization (departments, groups, particular person staff)
  • Customers and person teams exterior your organization (distributors, enterprise companions)
  • Clients (subscribers or purchasers) who buy your product

As a result of each multi-tenant atmosphere is separated from each other, they are often personalized to fulfill the wants of every particular person tenant with out impacting different environments. Tenants can personalize options similar to person interface design and knowledge safety settings for his or her atmosphere. Moreover, completely different units of guidelines will be utilized to every area by way of entry management, useful resource allocation, and have availability.

How Is Multi-Tenant Structure Completely different From Single-Tenant Structure?

The principle distinction between multitenancy and single-tenancy is how they deal with useful resource sharing throughout a number of customers or tenants. In single-tenant structure, every tenant has a devoted occasion with their very own set of {hardware} and software program assets. This implies every person group should pay for their very own {hardware} and software program prices, in addition to any upkeep prices related to working a devoted occasion for every tenant.

Single-tenant vs. multi-tenant architecture
Single-tenant vs. multi-tenant structure

In multi-tenant structure, tenants share a single set of {hardware} and software program assets. This leads to decrease overhead prices since upkeep charges are shared throughout all person teams who make the most of these shared assets.

The desk under reveals the principle variations between single-tenant and multi-tenant structure.

Single-tenant structure Multi-tenant structure
Every tenant has a devoted occasion of the applying and its assets A number of tenants share a single occasion of the applying and its assets
Scaling requires provisioning and managing particular person situations for every tenant Simpler scalability as a number of tenants will be accommodated inside a single occasion
Safer on account of remoted environments Safety measures contain guaranteeing knowledge isolation and stopping unauthorized entry
Much less cost-efficient: {hardware} and software program for every person is paid individually Extra cost-efficient because of shared infrastructure and platform
Unbiased upkeep and upgrades for every tenant’s occasion Centralized upkeep, updates, and upgrades that apply to all tenants
Slower deployment: every tenant requires particular person setup and configuration Sooner deployment: new tenants will be added inside the present setup

Word that with single-tenancy there are sometimes extra complexities associated to managing completely different variations of code throughout a number of situations. Corporations can face a state of affairs the place completely different tenants use completely different variations of the applying. Whereas with multitenancy, all customers use a single model of code, which significantly simplifies administration over time —  updates will be deployed throughout all customers robotically as a substitute of getting them utilized individually.

What Are the Advantages of Multi-tenant Structure?

Multi-tenant structure gives a number of advantages for companies seeking to transfer their purposes to the cloud or deploy SaaS options. A few of the most notable benefits embody:


With one software with the ability to serve a number of tenants, corporations can simply scale up or down shortly and effectively with out managing a number of devoted programs. This scalability makes it a lot simpler to accommodate seasonal spikes in demand or alter utilization primarily based on buyer wants.

Price Financial savings

Multitenancy permits corporations to scale back prices by leveraging shared assets as a substitute of getting separate programs devoted to at least one tenant at a time. This implies companies needn’t put money into extra servers or {hardware} to fulfill buyer calls for, serving to to economize in the long term.

Elevated Effectivity

Multi-tenant structure will increase effectivity by permitting a number of tenants to share assets similar to compute energy and cupboard space with out sacrificing efficiency. This makes it simpler for companies to handle giant workloads with out having to put money into extra {hardware} or software program licenses.

Simple Upkeep/Administration

Multi-tenant structure is far simpler to take care of and handle than single-tenant structure as a result of all tenants share the identical underlying codebase and platform. This implies companies don’t have to fret about managing a number of variations of their software throughout completely different platforms — they will concentrate on managing one model throughout all tenants.


In multi-tenant structure, tenants can customise their assigned atmosphere to fulfill their particular person wants and preferences by organising distinctive configurations, choices, and branding. This permits tenants to successfully use the shared multi-tenant software for his or her particular use instances, similar to filtering knowledge by completely different branches or areas and creating specified metrics and dashboards.

Tenant Privateness

Every tenant receives entry to a devoted area the place they will analyze their knowledge and think about their dashboards. This area can both be separated from different tenants’ entry or accessible to a certified person group; the place every tenant is restricted by their assigned function and devoted permission to be able to handle the analytics atmosphere.

What Are the Disadvantages of Multi-tenant Structure?

Multi-tenant structure continues to realize reputation amongst SaaS corporations. However, it is very important be aware that alongside its quite a few benefits, there are some disadvantages that require cautious consideration.

Safety Points If Incorrectly Carried out

Poorly applied multitenancy can result in points similar to unauthorized entry and knowledge misuse. To nullify such threats, these purposes require cautious design and administration to make sure tenant isolation and safe knowledge storage.

A very powerful factor is to authorize the entry of finish customers. Purposes that can be utilized for this objective embody Okta, Auth0, and Azure Lively Listing. Such purposes allow organizations to handle authentication, authorization, and identification administration capabilities.

Further Data Necessities

Serving a number of purchasers in a single occasion of an software/database means implementing extra logic for tenant separation, knowledge filtering, and tenant identification to make sure correct knowledge isolation and safety. If the setup of a multi-tenant atmosphere is well-documented and the mandatory assets are made out there to prospects, it could doubtlessly assist cut back the data required throughout the setup course of. Nevertheless, if prospects encounter any difficulties or have questions, it will be important that the applying suppliers have a workforce of execs prepared to help and handle buyer points.

System Outages

Multi-tenant purposes rely closely on the applying supplier for upkeep and upgrades. Any technical points that come up on the supplier’s facet can doubtlessly impression all tenants, affecting points similar to service availability, system upgrades, and different international processes.

To mitigate points, many suppliers select to construct their purposes as a set of microservices which might be deployed, for instance, in Kubernetes — an open supply platform that automates the deployment, scaling, and administration of containerized purposes. Microservice structure can deliver advantages similar to scalability, fault isolation, and impartial deployment. This may also help reduce outages that have an effect on finish customers and make sure the easy operation of the applying.

Multi-Tenant Structure Examples

instance of multi-tenant structure is in cloud computing and software-as-a-service purposes. Public clouds similar to Amazon Internet Providers (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform (GCP) present the identical infrastructure for a number of completely different customers concurrently. Every buyer can handle their very own digital machines, cupboard space, databases, and many others., of their cloud occasion, however can’t entry different prospects’ providers or knowledge.

Equally, SaaS purposes like Gmail, Dropbox, and Netflix enable a number of prospects to make use of a single occasion with out compromising different customers’ experiences. After we learn emails in Gmail, save recordsdata in Dropbox, or watch our favourite present on Netflix, numerous different customers are doing the identical factor on the identical time. But they continue to be invisible to us and vice versa — that is the facility of multitenancy.

Multi-Tenant Structure in Analytics

Multi-tenant analytics is a kind of analytics use case that leverages multi-tenant structure. Analytics and enterprise intelligence platforms that assist multitenancy enable corporations to share dashboards and report capabilities to completely different person teams in a safe and cost-efficient manner whereas using the identical assets.

Multi-tenant analytics and BI architecture
Multi-tenant analytics and BI structure

instance of it is a B2B firm that gives analytics to all of its prospects utilizing a multi-tenant analytics platform. The corporate can present every buyer with their very own remoted occasion of the analytics — with knowledge solely related to them. All prospects share the identical platform and its assets, however can’t entry one another’s knowledge. The corporate can simply create a brand new analytics atmosphere every time it must onboard a brand new buyer. Updates like new metrics, visualizations, or dashboard designs will be pushed out shortly and simply throughout all buyer situations, streamlining the administration and scaling of the analytics.

Multi-Tenant Structure and GoodData

GoodData’s analytics and enterprise intelligence platform is designed for constructing multi-tenant analytics purposes. The platform makes use of workspace structure to make sure and allow the multi-tenant use case.

A workspace is a logical container for person teams to investigate and visualize knowledge. Every person group, similar to completely different departments, companions, or prospects, has its personal devoted workspace containing all the vital parts — a logical knowledge mannequin, user-access administration, metrics, charts, dashboards, and extra. This permits them to shortly and simply entry, analyze, and ship actionable insights from their knowledge.

Analytics workspaces in GoodData
Workspace hierarchy in GoodData

These analytical workspaces are fully remoted from each other; customers in a single workspace can’t view the info and analytics of different workspaces except they’re granted permission. Moreover, GoodData’s workspaces can assist limitless customers with out incurring additional prices, making it straightforward to scale analytics in a safe and cost-effective style.

Need To Attempt It Your self?

If you’re on the lookout for a multi-tenant resolution on your analytics, why not register for the free GoodData trial and see how straightforward it’s to create a multi-tenant atmosphere your self?

Why not strive our 30-day free trial?

Totally managed, multi-tenant analytics platform. Get prompt entry — no set up or bank card required.

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